E= mc2 , The Vedic meta Physics, as given in Veda.
It is a common observation that all types of animate life have some energy on birth. While a human infant on birth is normally found, crying but many newborn babies of animals are found even walking along with their mothers. Somewhat similar phenomenon is observed in the other animate life like, birds, fishes and sea animals. Is it only the intake of food by the mothers of all animate life, the source of energy of all new born babies or is there some thing else which can be termed as the energy principle and operates through the divine Nature? What had made Dante to say, “man is a divine animal” and Aristotle to say, “man is a social animal”? If for Socrates, Plato and Dante the soul is the individual’s real Self, why the same soul Plato’s greatest and the most renowned disciple Aristotle could not find and in lieu found entelechy moving towards perfection both in animate and inanimate life? What made Oscar Wilde to say, “I am the only person in the world I should like to know thoroughly”? This “I” certainly cannot be the gross body.If due to any unfortunate major accident the eyes become blind, either the legs or hands are badly injured and finally amputated, this “ I ” still remains intact even though gross human body is not complete.
– – This “ I ” can at best be brain, mind, intellect, will, ego, spirit or soul. The Vedic metaphysics tells us that it is the soul which makes a person separate and distinct individual. The spirit is the cause of his/her social being and along with mahabhuta- five main elements and three gunas of purity, activity and stupor is the cause of good or bad actions of the individuals. Thus in the Vedas an individual is both divine and social animal, capable of doing both good and bad deeds. Metaphysicists like Sankracharya of India, Lao Tse of China and Immanuel Kant of Germany had found gross body as part of the phenomenal world of Maya or Phantasmagoria. They found the real extended “ self “ of the individual in his/ her divine soul. However, the Vedic metaphysics describes clearly all these concepts relating to soul (atma), manifested soul (jivatma), spirit (jiva), ego (ahamkar), intellect (buddhi), mind (manas), gross body (sthool sharira) etc.
– ” According to Vedic metaphysics human gross body has an inward looking mind (manas) and an outward looking mind (etani), both combined work as engine of the gross body. FiveKoshas (sheaths/coverings- of the body) are the wheels and the path to be covered is not known to the engine (mind). This path is only known to the manifested soul (jivatma), which is nearest on self-realization and farthest when phenomenal and the material worlds become the closest (A.V. X-8-8). The various hymns in the Vedas as well as most of the 108 Upanishads and Bhagavad Gita (considered by many savants as 109th Upanishad) explain in details the metaphysical concepts of soul as part omniscience principle and spirit as energy and life principle. Both are divine instruments in the human gross body along with ego, intellect and mind. The various terms are used in the Vedas like Parmatma, Purushuttam and Brahma for Supreme Self – the formless and ineffable God.Jivatma, Purusha and Brahmansh are used for the real higher self in the human body, which is the manifested immaterial soul. For the soul still not manifested in the human body, instead of jivatma, the term atma is mentioned.
For the divine spirit in the gross body the epithets like Jiva, asu, kundalini,- manas, prana etc., have been given. This spirit is found in all parts of the subtle and gross body including nails and hair. Spirit is the one, which makes things move not only in animate but also inanimate life. Kundalini is described as the storehouse of coiled energy. Asu and Pranas are ten different vital breaths of which, seven are subtle and three are gross. While making a distinction, Vedas make it clear that God is both the Supreme Soul and Supreme Spirit. In the Vedic metaphysics this is described Parmatma – the supreme soul and Mahadeva – the supreme spirit. Being subtle in nature, His spirit even pervades in ideas, thoughts, actions, assemblies etc. Very often we say “the spirit behind” the action, thought, desire or religious or political assembly is XYZ … Thus the spirit of God pervades not only in animate or inanimate life but also in subtle concepts, ideas, actions etc., and makes the formless and ineffable God as omnipresent. The individuals who know and understand the spirit as the powerhouse of creativity in them create subtle waves of nobility, love, and harmony even if they sit silently in any gathering or assembly.
Patanjali- ‘s Yog shastra, Manu Smriti, – Puranas, Brahma sutras and other scriptures agree with Vedas that the Spirit of God pervades every where in all animate and inanimate life. However, right from Charvakas days, a large number of Hindus find difficult to accept any energy principle in the inanimate life. For them matter in any form is inert. The acceptance of God’s spirit in the inanimate life is more as a faith but not conviction. The Newtonian classical mechanics made it still more difficult for the masses to accept life in iron, silver or gold, granite and marble stones. Newton held atom as the building block, which could not be further divided into sub-atomic particles and confirmed that atom is inert. The classical mechanics of Newton and Tyndall encouraged the western philosophers and thinkers to decry idealism of Socrates, Plato, Immanuel Kant and many others in the East and West.
The worst controversy arose when the experimental biologist Charles Robert Darwin (1809-82) agreed that the evolution of the present day morphology had been built up by the gradual and opportunistic mechanism of natural selection that he described as “survival of the fittest”. He also held this principle rules this gross universe and there is no such thing as subtle or subtlest of the subtle. His discovery of survival of the fittest in this universe has no relationship to soul, spirit or other metaphysical concepts contained in the Holy Scriptures and various philosophies, particularly those of pure and objective idealists. Vedic metaphysics that had reached its pinnacle of glory during Sankracharya, Ramanajum, Vallabh ‘s periods got a set back.
Ritualistic and ceremonial portion of the Vedas commonly known as Brahamanas became more important than Upanishads containing perfect philosophy of Brahma, soul, spirit, Prakrti, primordial subtle matter of three gunas etc. However, individuals like Swami Daya Nand, Vivekananda, Rama Krishna and all the ten Sikh gurus kept their faith unshaken in spite of the contrary scientific discoveries of the western scientists and continued spreading Vedic metaphysics unmindful of the criticism, challenges and faced all kinds of obstructions from the fundamentalists. Swami Daya Nand was poisoned but escaped death owing to timely action of his well wishers. Two Sikh gurus were killed/beheaded by the then Mughal rulers on the advice of fundamentalists and one guru of the Sikh religion lost two of his noble and divine sons on this path of divine Vedic knowledge. For Sikh religion, Vedas are the supreme scriptures. The holy Grantha Sahib says,” Asankh granth mukhi Veda path.” There are innumerable scriptures but the study of Vedas is supreme.
– The discoveries, inventions and scientific formulae of earlier centuries started changing very fast in the third decade of 20th century. Western savants found in the new scientific discoveries of sub atomic particles, Aristotle’s “entelechy” also in the inanimate life and movement of “matter” towards perfection was observed. “Fatigue” was found even in steel. Those who had continued their faith in the Vedic metaphysics found once again the permanency of the truths contained in the Vedas, giving rude shocks to materialists and even rationalists. Albert Einstein (1879-1955) an eminent mathematical physicist independently arrived at a new formula E= mc2 where c de- notes the speed of light which is 186,000 miles per second. C being constant, energy is dependent on the mass of the particle at sub atomic level. Each atom is a “energy ball” with over 80 kinds of sub atomic particles. Some of these particles are without weight and electric charge like protons but having enough energy to create electro magnetic radiation. A few of such particles like electrons, neutrons, pion, keon, omega have weight and electric charge.
He thus found a large number of extremely tiny machines ever working within an atom that do not take rest, need no looking after or repairs by human beings. Nuclei of the atom have no gross matter but waves, wavicles and even some thing non material (akin to subtle); but full of energy. This made him believe the insignificance of science in this vast Nature. He even put a small board in his laboratory with words prominently written “Thou Art That” which Vedas had already found as “Tat tvam Asi”. Metaphysically his scientific discoveries can be described as Vedas say, “an inner subtle world in the gross matter.” Since inanimate life is not dependent on any kind of food known to human beings, this energy in the gross atoms of air, water, earth etc., is provided by the divine Nature “Prakrti” which herself gets it from the Supreme Spirit described as Mahadeva in the Vedas. All knowledge, consciousness and energy emanate from Him and HE always remains the “Whole”. This supreme spirit is the cosmic energy of the western metaphysicists like Saint Augustine and Acquinas and is the “Shiva Shakti” of Atharva Veda. Hindus worship Lord Shiva as Maha Devaand rarely describe Him as Parmatma. Maha deva exercises this energy through His consort Parvati known by many names Amba, Durga, Kamakhya, Kali etc.
– Th- is cosmic energy first entered through the cosmic Word “Shabad Brahma” OM pronounced as AUM, which changed into mass as hiranyagarbha- the cosmic golden Egg (Y.V 16-4). On the opening or bursting of this “Cosmic Egg” great mass of this entire universe was formed with the combination of subtle gunas in different – proportions, along with subtle and gross particles, atoms etc. These started joining in different proportions to form ether, air, water, fire and earth. Thus, the entire universe visible to human eye, perceivable by senses, visualized by scientists with powerful telescopes and other material instruments along with non-visible subtle worlds was formed. According to the Vedas only about 25% of the entire Brahamand is visible and remaining about 75 % is Brahmalok, Deva lok etc., which no material eye, senses or instruments can see except the human manifested soul. It is very likely that the dimensions of visible and non- visible universe could be only symbolic to depict that visible universe is much smaller than the non visible part of Brahamand.
– Chhandogya Upanishad describes this cosmic energy in a philosophical manner. It says, “from this engenderment, beams of light shot up and down, leading to formation of subtle and gross matter in the form of Prakrti – the divine Nature and also the Universe which too expanded in all directions as the sentient One spread Itself every where.” Even scientists like Eddington held that the physical world is without actuality apart from its linkage to consciousness. He also says that Time and Space are spun out of consciousness (The Nature of Physical Wo- rld by Eddington. pages 282 and 332). Many scientists now agree that whatever is not visible to human eyes, senses cannot visualize, scientific material instruments cannot observe are part of the subtle world beyond the scope of physical sciences.
– The word “ Purusa” is found in a number of hymns in the Vedas and many verses in Bhagavad Gita as well. Some highly learned seers and savants have found the origin of this word from “puri and saya” meaning city and dweller. Purusa dwells in the inner world of the human beings. In the Vedas Purusa is jivatma or- manifested soul and in Bhagavad Gita, it is the higher “self” of the human beings. The Vedic Purusa is related to both subtle and causal bodies and is a particle of the Supreme Reality.
Yajur Veda 34-43 has a vivid reference to three bodies of the divine Nature (Prakrti) and of the human beings, describes as “tri-ani-pada” three kinds of bodies- gross, subtle and causal.