Biodiversity, or biological diversity, is the variability within and between all micro- organisms:
plants and animals both wild and domesticated, and the ecological system in which they co-exist.
It starts with genes and manifests itself as organisms, species, populations and communities which
ultimately lead to the formation of ecosystems, landscape and ultimately biosphere. Biodiversity
provides the fundamental base to mountain region agriculture and to the economic systems. It is,
indeed, the ultimate basis for local self sufficiency and a global asset bringing benefits to people
in many more ways than we realize.