Jaldhaniya Cursed Buttercup-Dr Varinder Naturaphile
Ranunculus sceleratus – L Family: Ranunculaceae
Feb 16, Faridkot. Punjab
Synonyms: Ranunculus indicus, Ranunculus umbellatus. Erect annual/ short-lived perennial
जलधनिया Jaldhaniya Cursed Buttercup,
Poisonous buttercup, Blister buttercup
Ranunculus, is from two Latin words, ‘rana’ meaning ‘ frog’ and ‘unculus’ meaning ‘little’ and together they refer to a group of plants, many of which grow in moist places – like little frogs.
The species, sceleratus, is Latin for ‘cursed’ and probably was used to describe this species as it is one of the most dangerous of the genus.
Habitats: Ditches. Shallow ponds of mineral rich water. muddy bottoms,
Leaves: There are both basal leaves and alternate stem leaves. Leaves have long petioles that become wider at their bases, but the upper leaves much smaller.
Flower: Flowers are at the end of branching stems and arising from leaf axils in the upper part of the plant, 3 to 5 (usually 5) yellow petals with rounded tips, 3 to 5 yellow green sepals with triangular tips
Stems: stem are hollow, light to medium green, glabrous, and slightly ribbed.
All parts of the plant are poisonous when fresh, the toxins are destroyed by heat or by drying.
The plant also has a strongly acrid juice that can cause blistering to the skin.
Med. Properties: Tincture of whole plant is used for many diseases in Homeopathy.
Varinder Singh a member of Distt Biodiversity Committee and nature photographer. Himalyanresources is highly thankful to Dr Varinder for information he provided for the portal.